Schoenoplectus juncoides (Roxb.) Palla
Scirpus juncoides Roxb. (basionym).
Asia: Japan and Korea.
Southeast and Southeast Asia: Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam.
Rest of the world: Australia, Ecuador, Fiji, Madagascar, and United States (Hawaii).
Biology and ecology
Found in lowland rice, shallow ponds, streams, and drains.
Emerges directly from seeds in puddled rice fields; in swampy areas where tillage is minimal, seedlings emerge from vegetative buds. Seed germination increases under anaerobic conditions.
In competition with rice, about 1,500 seeds are produced per plant.
Can be a major weed in lowland rice fields.
Cultural: dry rotovation and wet puddling can reduce populations.
Chemical: Pretilachlor, butachlor, thiobencarb, and sulfonylureas are reported to be effective in rice.
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- Kataoka T, Kim SY. 1978. Emergence depth of seeds of several weeds. Weed Res. 23(1): 9-12.
- Kern JH. 1974. Cyperacea. Flora Malesiana Ser. 1 7(3):435-753.
- Moody K. 1989. Weeds reported in rice in South and Southeast Asia. Manila (Philippines): International Rice Research Institute. 442 p.
- Soerjani M, Kostermans AJGH, Tjitrosoepomo G. 1987. Weeds of rice in Indonesia. Jakarta (Indonesia): Balai Pustaka. 716 p.
- Watanabe H. 2000. Biological aspects of Scirpus juncoides in relation to management in rice fields of Japan. Proc. international workshop on biology and management of noxious weeds for sustainable and labor saving rice production. Tsukuba, Ibaraki, (Japan): National Agriculture Research Center, Ministry of Agriculture Forestry and Fisheries. pp. 57-63.