Use crop residues as mulches

crop-residues-mulchesSeedbed with crop residues used as mulchesCrop residues are parts of plants left in the field after the crops have been harvested and threshed. These include stalks, stubbles or stems, and leaves.

When used as mulches, crop residues can help conserve soil moisture, improve soil fertility, and control weeds, especially in direct seeded systems. 

To do this:

   1.  Clear the field.
   2.  Place all tall vegetation on the bunds.
   3.  Cut and mix the smaller vegetation with crop residues.
   4.  Spread the mulches on the field.