Narrow brown spot
Narrow brown spot (also called narrow brown leaf spot, or rice Cercospora leaf spot) is caused by the fungus Sphaerulina oryzina (syn. Cercospora janseana, Cercospora oryzae) and can infect leaves, sheaths, and panicles.
It leads to premature death of leaves and leaf sheaths, premature ripening of grains, and in severe cases, lodging of plants.
Why and where it occurs
Narrow brown spot has been reported from rice-growing regions in the tropics and subtropics of Asia, Africa, Australia, and North, Central, and South America and Papua New Guinea.
The disease usually occurs in potassium deficient soils, and in areas with temperature ranging from 25−28°C.
It appears during the late growth stages of the rice crop, starting at heading stage.
Plants are most susceptible during panicle initiation onwards, and damage becomes more severe as plants approach maturity.
Why is it important
Severe damage caused by narrow brown spot decreases the market value of the grains and reduces the milling recovery.
In terms of yield loss, only occasional severe epidemics are known; and generally, narrow brown spot has no significant economic implication.
Check for lesions:
Narrow brown spot can be confused with white leaf streak. Linear lesions make the disease distinct from other leaf diseases.
How to manage
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