Rice storage pests include insects, pathogens, rodents and birds.
These pests cause losses through a combination of feeding, spoiling and contamination of both paddy and milled grain.
Contamination of seed and grain with fungal organisms may result in poor germination, seedling vigor or grain quality.
Rats or rodents prefer food rich in proteins and vitamins and feed mainly on the embryo. They cause particular damage to the nutritional value and germination ability of seeds.