In store-dryers can be used in the second stage of the two-stage drying strategy, or as a one-stage drying method after harvesting:
As a second stage drying method In-store dryers are ideal as a second stage drying method because the slow and gentle drying process maintains the grain quality and low energy requirement leading to low energy cost.
The drying process can take several days to weeks depending on the depth of the grain bulk. Low air velocities of around 0.1m/s are used for very wet grain and thus energy requirement is kept to a minimum. In addition, if the moisture content increases in the storage, the storage facilities can easily be aerated again.
In store-dryers were installed in large numbers on Korean farms for farm level drying. In recent years, it became popular in Thailand as a second stage drying method.
As one-stage drying method One-stage in-store drying from harvest (with moisture content as high as 30% down to a level safe for storage) has also been proven to be technically feasible as long as the air velocity is kept constant at 0.1 m/s and grain depth is limited to 2 m. There is, however, the risk of rapid grain deterioration in case of power failure when high initial moisture content is used.