Quality Rice Seed

Quality Rice Seed

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Production of Rice Seed in Irrigated Environments btn_backbtn_forward
Seed cleaning
Be able to apply seed treatments that improve productivity and crop health.
Cleaned and properly treated seeds prevent seed and soil-borne diseases and ensure a good harvest.
practical Investigate relationship between quality of seed sown and crop yield [quality & quantity] using data from different countries to predict results in your own environment.

The major factors in establishing a seed crop are:

  1. Selecting seed rate
  2. Cleaning of rice seed
  3. Criteria of healthy seed

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Selecting seed rate:

Proper seed rate is necessary to get appropriate number of seedlings with uniform and healthy growth. Establishing the correct number of plants is essential. Establishing the correct number of plants is essential to maximize water and nutrient use. A target population that results in 400-500 panicles per m-2 is desirable. This means establishing at least 25-30 seedling m-2 when transplanting, or broadcasting 80-120 kg ha-1 when direct seeding or 60-80 kg ha-1 for seed drill.

Low populations may result in:

  • Increased tillering, which creates more
  • Variation in panicle maturity
  • Increased weed populations, and
  • Reduced yield potential of the variety.

High plant populations may reduce yield and quality by:

  • Competing for water and nutrients,
  • Mutual shading, and
  • lodging and reduced grain size.

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Cleaning of rice seed

Healthy and viable seeds are prerequisites for healthy seedlings and good stand. Bringing out from the store, after one day drying in sun, you can do a final cleaning of seed. Remember, you have already cleaned the seed immediately after harvest and before storage.

For a small quantity of seed, you may use manual sorting. This may be the situation when you have a small quantity of a variety or your variety is mixed and of poor quality. Just before sowing seed in the seed bed you can also use seed floatation.

practical

smallVidIcon Watch the Seed Sorting video clip by clicking here. Take a sample of seed and clean by sorting.

For remaining empty seeds and damaged seeds using a solution of urea in water can help to quickly separate.

practical

smallVidIconWatch the Seed Floatation video clip by clicking here. Prepare a solution in a bucket and sort the seed into filled grains and damaged or empty grains by floatation.

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Treating your seed

You may have the option to treat your seed. Please note: You may not have this option in your area.

  • Seed treatments prevent/control seed, even airborne diseases, and ensure healthy seedling and crop stand.
  • Farmers’ saved seed may be infested/infected with a number of microbes, many of which may induce disease on seedlings/crops. They may affect seed germination and may be transmitted from seed to seedling to plant/crop. By seed treatment, the pathogens are suppressed.
  • Seed treatment improves seed germination, seedling, and plant vigor and productivity.

Seed biopriming is treating your seed with a fungal agent and results in more vigorous seedlings.

If you wish to know more on treating your seed, click on methods of  dry or wet, and agents used for seed treatment chemicals, microbes.

Next lesson Seed bed preparation, sowing seeds, and transplanting to the main field. btn_backbtn_forward
Last Updated on Friday, 28 September 2012 09:17  

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