Diagnostic Tool


Schoenoplectus juncoides

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Latin name | Family l Common name | Synonyms | Geographical distribution | Morphology | Biology and ecology | Agricultural importance| Management | Selected references


Schoenoplectus juncoides is a tufted erect herb with ovoid to oblong inflorescence (IRRI).


Full fact sheet

A tufted, erect, strongly tillering and slender annual or perennial, up to 60—cm tall.

Stem: erect, smooth, rounded or slightly angular, ribbed and extended 2—10— cm beyond the inflorescence.

Leaf: reduced to 2—3 membranous leaf, truncated at top sheath, often with a small rudimentary blade.

Inflorescence: 2—5 sessile spikelets, ovoid to oblong, 1—cm or less long, greenish brown or straw-colored to brownish.

Fruit: a shiny black nut, strongly compressed, obovoid and about 2—mm—long. triangle

Latin name

Schoenoplectus juncoides (Roxb.) Palla triangle


Cyperaceae triangle

Common name

Sedge triangle


Scirpus juncoides Roxb. (basionym). triangle

Geographical distribution

Asia: Japan and Korea.

Southeast and Southeast Asia: Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam.

Rest of the world: Australia, Ecuador, Fiji, Madagascar, and United States (Hawaii). triangle


Biology and ecology

Found in lowland rice, shallow ponds, streams, and drains.

Emerges directly from seeds in puddled rice fields; in swampy areas where tillage is minimal, seedlings emerge from vegetative buds. Seed germination increases under anaerobic conditions.

In competition with rice, about 1,500 seeds are produced per plant. triangle

Agricultural importance

Can be a major weed in lowland rice fields. triangle


Cultural: dry rotovation and wet puddling can reduce populations.

Chemical: Pretilachlor, butachlor, thiobencarb, and sulfonylureas are reported to be effective in rice. triangle

Selected references

  • Azmi M, Bakar B, Mansor M. 1993. Weed communities in principal rice-growing areas in penisular Malaysia. MARDI Report 165:1-16.
  • Kataoka T, Kim SY. 1978. Emergence depth of seeds of several weeds. Weed Res. 23(1): 9-12. 
  • Kern JH. 1974. Cyperacea. Flora Malesiana Ser. 1 7(3):435-753. 
  • Moody K. 1989. Weeds reported in rice in South and Southeast Asia. Manila (Philippines): International Rice Research Institute. 442 p. 
  • Soerjani M, Kostermans AJGH, Tjitrosoepomo G. 1987. Weeds of rice in Indonesia. Jakarta (Indonesia): Balai Pustaka. 716 p. 
  • Watanabe H. 2000. Biological aspects of Scirpus juncoides in relation to management in rice fields of Japan. Proc. international workshop on biology and management of noxious weeds for sustainable and labor saving rice production. Tsukuba, Ibaraki, (Japan): National Agriculture Research Center, Ministry of Agriculture Forestry and Fisheries. pp. 57-63. triangle


JLA Catindig, RT Lubigan, and D Johnson triangle